Toyota Camri Hybrid Synergy Drive

Toyota Hybrid System II is the brand name of Toyota Motor Corporation for the hybrid car drive train technology used in vehicles with the Toyota and Lexus marques. First introduced on the Prius, the technology is an option on several other Toyota and Lexus vehicles and has been adapted for the electric drive system of the hydrogen-powered Mirai, and for a plug-in hybrid version of the Prius. Previously, Toyota also licensed its HSD technology to Nissan for use in its Nissan Altima Hybrid. Its parts supplier Aisin Seiki Co. offers similar hybrid transmissions to other car companies. HSD technology produces a full hybrid vehicle which allows the car to run on the electric motor only, as opposed to most other brand hybrids which cannot and are considered mild hybrids. The HSD also combines an electric drive and a planetary gearset which performs similarly to a continuously variable transmission. The Synergy Drive is a drive-by-wire system with no direct mechanical connection between the engine and the engine controls: both the gas accelerator pedal and the gearshift lever in an HSD car merely send electrical signals to a control computer. HSD is a refinement of the original Toyota Hybrid System used in the 1997 to 2003 Toyota Prius. The Toyota Hybrid System is designed for increased power and efficiency, and also improved adaptability to larger as well as smaller vehicles. By 2013 Toyota had sold over five million hybrid cars, with the United States market accounting for thirty-eight percent of Toyota Motoring Company's global hybrid sales.

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